National Chair / Co-founder; Zita Holbourne
Established 2010, grassroots campaigning org against racism, injustice, adverse impact of austerity on black communities, for migrant / refugee rights. UK based but our focus is both o UK and globally.
Instagram: @baracuk original
Facebook group: Black Activists Rising Against Cuts
page: BARAC UK
GoFundMe Humanitarian Aid crowdfunder: https://www.gofundme.com/f/BARACHumanitarian
Wednesday 3 December 2014
SEPARATED BY BRICKS, MORTAR & WHITE PRIVILEGE: REPORT ON THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST EXHIBIT B IN FRANCE
SEPARATED BY BRICKS, MORTAR & WHITE PRIVILEGE: REPORT ON THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST EXHIBIT B IN FRANCE:
By; Zita Holbourne, National Co-Chair BARAC UK & Boycott the Human Zoo Campaign UK
From August to September 2014, black community
organisations, trade unions,artists and
individuals came together to form the Boycott the Human Zoo campaign against the hosting of Exhibit B in
London by The Barbican.The campaign
petition, started by activist, Sara Myers, gained over 20,000 signatures but
the organisations that formed the campaign represented over a million members.
Exhibit B is an art exhibition by white South African,
Brett Bailey. Thirteen installations feature black actors, who are not allowed
to speak or move in a re-enactment of human zoos and ethnographics popular
during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. There is
no narrative on the resistance to colonial rule by black people, no celebration
of our achievements or acknowledgment of any other aspect of our histories . The exhibition is insulting, offensive and racist.
At the end of November Exhibit B was hosted by the Theatre
Gerard Philip in Saint Denis, a suburb of Paris with a high black population.As with The Barbican the theatre is a
cultural centre where the works of local black artists are seldom seen. In France
a petition initiated by historian and lecturer John Mullen has gained over
20,000 signatures and black community groups together with artists and
anti-racists have organised a campaign against Exhibit B being hosted in St
Denis and in Paris, opening on 7th December.
artwork by Zita Holbourne
On the opening night of Exhibit B in Saint Denis hundreds
of campaigners protested. They removed the sets of metal barriers in front of
the theatre and a window was broken. Protestors spoke with those coming to see
Exhibit B and some turned away as a result of the protest and the rest of the
evening’s showings were cancelled.
The press demonised the protestors, resorting to personal
insults directed at the organisers and the same kind of negative, offensive and
nasty comments directed at campaigners in the UK against Exhibit B, branding
them as extremists. One of the
campaigners, musician Bams, appeared on a major chat show alongside white
sociologists, supporting Exhibit B, who had the audacity to try to tell her, a black woman that she
did not understand racism or anti-racism!
A public debate that was supposed to take in a spectrum
of views, including representation from the campaign against Exhibit B, was cancelled,
according to the organisers ‘because of the extremist nature of the protestors’.
On the following night two hundred or so protestors were
greeted by hundreds of riot police and French armed forces, National
Gendarmerie sent to intimidate them. Despite this, protestors stood firm and chanted demanding ‘Respect!’ and ‘Dignity’.Some went to speak to spectators and engaged
in discussions about why they were there.
Brett Bailey claims that he and his art are anti-racist
yet his response to the abuse and intimidation of protestors in defence of his
art was; "My performers are full of fire. My team is full of fire... Rage,
rage against the dying of the light. The show will go on," It is quite incredible that he can claim to be
against racism and to be creating his art to challenge racism but have no
concern about the police violence black people are facing as a result of
On the third night, the police and armed forces became
even more violent using tear gas and clubbing protestors.
It is horrific that black people in France are being
brutalised and demonised for standing up against Exhibit B. It is astonishing
that any artist would find it acceptable to put on an art exhibition
surrounded by armed police in riot gear, barricading the entrance to it, whilst attempting to
terrorise and intimidate black people.
Sketches by Zita Holbourne
Writing for a South African newspaper, Bailey entitles
his piece ‘Blood on the Tarmac’ referring
to a protestor he witnessed being brutalised by French police.He describes watching from the safety of a
window inside the Theatre, the security arrangements put in place to try and frighten protestors
He says ‘But out there on the floodlit street, beyond the barricades, this
is not understood. Those people have not attended the performance. None of this
is really about Brett Bailey or EXHIBIT B’.He claims that protestors have not understood his art because they have
not seen it in the same way that board members at The Barbican said that we
could not say that Exhibit B was racist because we had not seen it. This is a
ridiculous argument, I don’t need to see the BNP attack a black person to know
that they are racist and in any case the Barbican, bar one
board member, had not seen it before deciding to book it.He then has the arrogance to suggest that the
protests are nothing to do with his exhibition but to do with the racism that
black people face in society, the same racism they are facing now, demonised,
labelled and threatened by police, politicians and the media.But Bailey does not engage with the black
people he purports to care so much about, he does not even appear to recognise the
irony of his claiming to produce anti-racist art which is protected by racist
police, who attack black people.Bailey
goes on to blame not his art but activists in London for what is happening now.
Brett Bailey looks on protected and separated by bricks,
mortar and white privilege, from the living reality of black communities facing
deepening racism globally. When asked if he is ‘following’ what is happening
in Ferguson, he replies ‘from afar’. It is not possible to distance yourself from racism but at the same time claim to produce anti-racist art.
Protestors here and in France have been accused of
censorship ofart, butwe have never called for the work to be
censored but for arts institutions to withdraw from hosting it, acknowledging
the negative impact on black communities and taking action to address
institutional racism in the arts and culture sectors.Both in the UK and in France campaigners
against Exhibit B have included a range of artists.We are not anti-art but anti –racist. Rather than being for censorship, we are for
equality, humanity, dignity and respect.
Solidarity with sisters and brothers in France standing
up to the voyeuristic, racist, demeaning and insulting human zoo.
The exhibition reopens in Paris at the Cent Quatre (104)
and runs from 7th to15th December and there will be more protests
taking place - please give your support to them.